Flood events might only happen once or twice per year but disaster readiness should be something that you think about year-round. Flooding can occur rapidly -- storing key documents and resources on-hand will ensure that you’ll have the best possible chance at keeping your household safe and recovering quickly.
Well before a flood
Well before a flooding event happens, you should:
- Determine reliable news sources and review your community’s emergency warning system. Are there television and radio stations that you can tune into for real-time updates on evolving conditions? Keep in mind that news sources may or may not be accessible during large-scale disasters. What emergency warning systems does your community have in place? These can be sirens, text alerts, etc… Knowing where information will come from in emergencies will save you time and make sure you know what’s going on. Here in Longport, our Office of Emergency Management (OEM) monitors real-time weather conditions. You can tune into NOAA Radio 162.400 MHZ and Channel 97 for up-to-date advisories and warnings. Flood Warnings and Flood Evacuations are sent to you by Longport OEM utilizing Code Red - Reverse 911. We will also activate emergency sirens and Police/Fire Department vehicles with PA systems to notify you of major flood events and evacuation orders/advisories. Note: The National Weather Service issues three different types of flood announcements: flood warnings, flood watches, and flood advisories. Flood warnings require you to take action, flood watches suggest that you prepare yourself for potential action, and flood advisories advise you to be aware/alert to flood conditions. Knowing these tiers can help you prioritize action.
- Obtain information about your evacuation routes and shelter options. You may have to evacuate your home at night in dangerous conditions. Knowing where you’re supposed to go and how to get there ahead of time can keep you safe. Longport’s evacuation routes are contained within Atlantic County’s larger evacuation network. You can find a map of them here.
- Write a communication plan. During emergency events you may or may not have access to the internet and phones. It’s important that you and your family members memorize key phone numbers, have a plan for contacting each other, and know where to meet if you can’t reach each other. It’s advisable to designate an out-of-town contact person that can help coordinate loved ones who have spotty access to communication.
- Create a go-kit. If you have to leave your home during a flood emergency, it will likely be in a rush and possibly in a low-visibility situation. Create a backpack kit a head of time with key documents and survival tools in order to lessen the stress of evacuation. To get you started, Ready.gov has some tips for creating a comprehensive disaster kit.
- Sign up for Register Ready, if applicable. As part of Atlantic County’s Disaster Preparedness Plan, we have developed a special needs registry for residents who may have difficulty evacuating. You are eligible if you have no place to go to during an emergency and have a disability covered under the Americans with Disabilities Act or require additional assistance due to one of several covered conditions. Visit New Jersey’s Register Ready website to find out more and to register.
During a flood event
If a flood event occurs and you need to leave your home, there are a few key tips that you should remember:
- Grab your go-kit and documents. If you’ve prepared a go-kit ahead of time, remember to take it with you. If you haven’t, make sure to gather important documents (like passports, birth certificates, home deeds, etc…), important medications, and any supplies you think you might need in the near future.
- Secure your property. When evacuating, it’s often difficult to determine how long you’ll be gone. Before leaving your home, remember to make sure that your property is secured. If you think your house might get flooded, elevate valuables and delicate items. Shut off your utilities before you leave so that your home is not at risk for a gas leak or fire.
- Take your pets. Given that situations can evolve quickly, your pets could be at great risk if you leave them in your home when you evacuate. If you can, take them with you to ensure that they stay safe.
- Avoid flooded areas. If you can, avoid driving or walking through flooded areas. Visual assessments of depths and current speeds are often deceptive -- the water might be deeper or be moving faster than you expected. Also, very small amounts of water can still destabilize you (it only take 6” of water to knock a person over, and 2’ of water to move a car!).
- Monitor the situation. After evacuating, monitor the situation from a safe distance. For Longport, you can receive regularly updated news through our emergency broadcast networks (listed above).
After a flood event
- Stay away from flood waters. Flood water comes into contact with roads, drains, septic systems, and other surfaces. As a result, it can contain hazardous materials that might be harmful to your health. In addition to health hazards, walking or driving through flood waters could result in injury. Manhole covers may have become dislodged, there may be submerged debris, or you might encounter downed electrical wires.
- Make sure that areas are secure before returning if you evacuated. Sometimes residents make the mistake of returning to their homes too soon, when they’re still at risk for injury or loss. It’s a difficult judgement call to make, because you’re probably eager to assess damage and return to your life, but take a moment to assess security before going back.
- Identify financial options for rebuilding. If your property is damaged and you want to rebuild or repair it, there may be rebuilding/relief funds for you. The Borough of Longport may have FEMA Flood Mitigation Funds available to assist in elevating eligible homes within our community. Participation on the part of property owners is voluntary. In order to start the application process, please contact the Longport Building Department. They will provide you with a Notice of Voluntary Interest Information Application and help you get started.